Jean-Marie Le Pen (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ ma.ʁi lə.pɛn]; born 20 June 1928) is a French politician who served as President of the National Front from 1972 to 2011.  The youngest of Le Pen's daughters, Marine Le Pen, is leader of the Front National. , However, Le Pen remains a polarizing figure in France: opinions regarding him tend to be quite strong. , Arguing that his party includes people of various ethnic or religious origins like Jean-Pierre Cohen, Farid Smahi or Huguette Fatna, he has attributed some anti-Semitism in France to the effects of Muslim immigration to Europe and suggested that some part of the Jewish community in France might eventually come to appreciate National Front ideology. Le 4 juillet 1953, elle épouse, à Londres, l'homme d'affaires belge Jean Garnier, dont elle divorce le 1â¦ A former Member of the European Parliament (MEP), he served as the Honorary President of the National Front from 2011 to 2015. His popularity has been greatest in the south and east of France. "Sidaïque", In February 1997, Le Pen accused Chirac of being "on the payroll of Jewish organizations, and particularly of the, Le Pen once made the infamous pun "Durafour-crématoire" ("four crématoire" meaning "crematory oven") about then-minister, On many occasions, before and after the FIFA World Cup, he claimed that the, In the 2007 election campaign, he referred to fellow-candidate, Hainsworth, Paul. After his time in the military, he studied political science and law at Panthéon-Assas University. Le Pen has often presented himself as the youngest member of the Assembly, but a young communist, André Chène, 27 years old and half a year younger, was elected in the same year. Clara Carlesimo La jeune femme, qui ne porte pas le nom du clan, est la fille de Marie-Caroline Le Pen, aînée des trois filles du patriarche, et de Philippe Olivier.  Paleoconservative commentator Pat Buchanan contends that even though Le Pen "made radical and foolish statements," the EU violated his right to freedom of speech. Jean-Marie Le Pen's mother, Anne-Marie Hervé (1904â1965) was a seamstress and also of local ancestry. Mégret wanted to emulate Gianfranco Fini's success in Italy by making it possible for right-wing parties to ally themselves with the Front, but claimed that Le Pen's attitude and outrageous speech prevented this. Biografia. ; however, relations with Le Pen and other supporters of the hard line are complex. His progress to the second round in the 2002 presidential election left its mark on French public life and the "21st of April" is now a frequently used expression in France. Jean-Marie Le Pen et ses filles, une tragédie familiale La rupture entre Marine Le Pen et son père nâest quâun épisode â¦ He insisted on the rehabilitation of the Collaborationists, declaring that: Was General de Gaulle more brave than Marshal Pétain in the occupied zone? Un titre important pour l'homme politique retraité, comme le racontait le journaliste Serge Moati dans Le Pen, vous et moi. " He was eventually condemned under the Gayssot Act to pay 1.2 million francs (183,200 euros). Criticizing immigration and taking advantage of the economic crisis striking France and the world since the 1973 oil crisis, Le Pen's party managed to increase its support in the 1980s, starting in the municipal elections of 1983. , Le Pen's marriage to Pierrette Lalanne from 29 June 1960 to 18 March 1987 resulted in three daughters; these daughters have given him nine granddaughters. Le Pen focuses on issues related to immigration to France, the European Union, traditional culture and values, law and order, and France's high rate of unemployment. This isn't sure. ", Crédits photos : Jean-René Santini/Bestimage, Jean-Marie Le Pen confiné : « Marine ne m'a pas appelé », Jean-Marie Le Pen a « pardonné » à son ex femme Pierrette et sa vengeance dans Playboy, L'épouse de Jean-Marie Le Pen agressée en pleine rue, Jean-Marie Le Pen hospitalisé pour « une fièvre persistante », Un site du groupe Prisma Média (G+J Network), Jean-Marie Le Pen en dédicace de ses Mémoires. After Le Pen left office in January 2011, his daughter Marine Le Pen was elected by the adherents of the party against Bruno Gollnisch. He also served as Honorary President of the National Front from 2011 to 2015. He has been accused of having engaged in torture. Le Pen claimed that he had lost his left eye when he was savagely beaten during the 1958 election campaign. Alors que la thèse universitaire dâHenri ... 21 avril 2002 : Jean-Marie Le Pen est qualifié pour le second tour de la présidentielle He was excluded from this organisation in 1951. He then ran in the 1974 presidential election, obtaining 0.74% of the vote. Plus jeune député de France en 1956 sous l'étiquette poujadiste, cofondateur du FN en 1972, cinq fois candidat à la présidentielle, Jean-Marie Le Pen a traversé l'histoire politique française. A bord du Persévérance, son père et deux autres marins ont bien repêché une mine.  Jean-Marie Le Pen's mother, Anne-Marie Hervé (1904–1965) was a seamstress and also of local ancestry. Le Pen himself and the rest of his party disagree with this label; earlier in his political career, Le Pen described his position as "neither right, nor left, but French" (ni droite, ni gauche, français). In 1984, Le Pen won a seat in the European Parliament and has been consistently reelected since then. A Paris court found in February 2005 that his verbal criticisms, such as remarks disparaging Muslims in a 2003 Le Monde interview, were "inciting racial hatred", and he was fined 10,000 euros and ordered to pay an additional 5,000 euros in damages to the Ligue des droits de l'homme (League for Human Rights). 3 mai 1974 Campagne electorale de JEAN MARIE LE PEN, candidat du FRONT NATIONAL, pour les élections présidentielles. It was much easier to resist in London than to resist in France. Jean-Marie Le Pen n'était qu'un jeune adolescent lorsqu'il a appris la mort de son père. Il y revient, avec l'analyse d'un spécialiste de l'extrême droite. | Certain ideas of Europe", "French National Front launches nationalist environmental movement", "France's National Front co-founder Jean-Marie Le Pen says the battle is already won", "Jean-Marie Le Pen renvoyé devant la justice pour ses propos sur l'Occupation", ECtHR Admissibility decision in case No.  He has since founded the Comités Jeanne. Scopri le migliori foto stock e immagini editoriali di attualità di Marine Le Pen 1988 su Getty Images. The crime was never solved. Puisque je l'étais à double titre. President of the National Front political grouping: 1986–1988. Quand j'étais jeune, je voulais être Miss France". Lui, qui a longtemps voulu devenir pêcheur comme son père et son grand-père, racontait toute l'admiration qu'ils avaient pour ces hommes qui défiaient la mort.  Le Pen then failed to obtain the 500 signatures from "grand electors" (grands électeurs, mayors, etc.) Meghan a-t-elle changé après son interview chez Oprah Winfrey ?? But I believe it's just a detail in the history of World War II." He arrived in Indochina after the 1954 battle of Dien Bien Phu, which had been lost by France and which prompted French Prime Minister Pierre Mendès France to put an end to the Indochina war at the Geneva Conference.  In October 2007, Le Pen suggested that he would personally visit Ireland to assist the "No" campaign but finally changed his mind, fearing that his presence would be used against the supporters of the NO vote. Controversial Dutch anti-Islam lawmaker Geert Wilders, who has often been accused of being far-right, has also criticized Le Pen. "Dans le parti, il est déjà n° 2", a même déclaré le député RN Nicolas Meizonnet dans L'Express.Mais saviez-vous qu'il était en couple avec Nolwenn Olivier qui n'est autre que... la petite-fille de Jean-Marie Le Pen?Cette dernière est la fille de Marie-Caroline Le Penâ¦ Jordan Bardella est devenu en peu de temps une figure incontournable du Rassemblement National. Jean Louis Marie Le Pen was the only son of Jean Le Pen (1901â1942). Laureata in giurisprudenza, avvocato, Marine Le Pen è la terzogenita di Jean-Marie Le Pen.Sposata e madre di tre figli, nel 2002 divorziò dal primo marito e convolò a seconde nozze con Éric Iorio, un importante membro del suo partito, dal quale divorziò successivamente. In Paris in 1956, he was elected to the National Assembly as a member of Pierre Poujade's UDCA populist party.  Lambert's will provided 30 million francs (approximately 5 million euros) to Le Pen, as well as his opulent three-storey 11-room mansion at 8 Parc de Montretout, Saint-Cloud, in the western suburbs of Paris. He was defeated in the second round by Socialist Marius Masse. Président d'Honneur du Front National.  Marie-Caroline, one of his daughters, broke with Le Pen, following her husband to join Bruno Mégret, who split from the FN to found the rival Mouvement National Républicain (MNR, National Republican Movement). , Fauchoux, Marc and Forcari, Christophe. "Le bateau a complètement disparu et ne flotte à la surface que ce qu'il y avait sur le pont", décrivait l'ex-homme politique. There weren't mass murders as it's been said. "J'étais plus français que les autres, lui expliquait-il.  Le Pen retorted ironically: "I understand now that it's the Second World War which is a detail of the history of the gas chambers. Accroché aux vestiges de son bateau, le président de l'Association des anciens combattants de la Trinité-sur-mer savait qu'il n'y avait rien à faire. Born in 1933, Paschos was previously married to Belgian businessman Jean Garnier. Avant de partir en mer, son père lui avait demandé d'être "gentil avec (s)a maman" parce que son fils unique était "grand maintenant". The next year, following his break with Poujade, he was reelected to the National Assembly as a member of the Centre National des Indépendants et Paysans (CNIP) party, led by Antoine Pinay.  A total of 35 FN deputies entered the Assembly after the 1986 elections (the only legislative elections held under proportional representation), which were won by the right wing, bringing Jacques Chirac to Matignon in the first cohabitation government (that is, the combination of a right-wing Prime minister, Chirac, with a socialist President, Mitterrand). "Jean-Marie Le Pen crée les comités "Jeanne, au secours!" Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Marine Le Pen Jeune de la plus haute qualité. ", se demandait le père de Marine Le Pen. Jean Louis Marie Le Pen est le fils unique de Jean Le Pen (1901-1942) , marin-pêcheur, président de l'Association des anciens combattants et conseiller municipal de La Trinité-sur-Mer, et d'Anne-Marie Hervé (1904-1965), couturière et fille de paysans originaires de Locmariaquer et du Bono . A 2002 IPSOS poll showed that while 22% of the electorate have a good or very good opinion of Le Pen, and 13% an unfavorable opinion, 61% have a very unfavorable opinion. Jean-Marie Le Pen a été pupille de la nation après le décès de son père, mort pour la France en 1942. I haven't seen them myself. Et c'était horrible. In May 1987, he advocated the forced isolation from society of all people infected with HIV, by placing them in a special "sidatorium".  He further contends that most of the French political and media class are corrupt and out of touch with the real needs of the common people, and conspire to exclude Le Pen and his party from mainstream politics. Tombé à l'eau, les espoirs du père de Jean-Marie Le Pen se sont évaporés rapidement. ", This page was last edited on 8 March 2021, at 08:58.  Le Pen has been sceptical about the theory of man made Global warming and linking climate science and communism. Ireland finally refused to ratify the treaty. Le fondateur du Front national, qui fête ce samedi 20 juin son 92e anniversaire, n'avait alors que 14 ans. Celui qui a soufflé à Le Pen ses «sidatoriums» poursuit sa carrière de cancérologue. Qui est Jean-Marie Le Pen le fondateur désormais exclu du Front national ? His progression in the 1980s is known as the "lepénisation of spirits" due to its noticeable effect on mainstream political opinion.  Le Pen is often described as one of the most flamboyant and charismatic orators in Europe, whose speech blends folksy humour, crude attacks and rhetorical finesse. "La nuit s'écoule lentement, la côte s'éloigne et le vent qui s'est levé leur jette à la figure des petites pichenettes aigres", écrivait-il dans ses mémoires, racontant les derniers instants de vie de son père. Jean-Marie et Jany Le Pen « la jeune fille de 88 ans », se sont mariés selon les rites de lâEglise catholique samedi 16 janvier. sam. , Le Pen and the National Front are described by much of the media and nearly all commentators as far right. , After receiving his law degree, he enlisted in the Foreign Legion. He graduated from faculty of law in Paris in 1949. In 1957, Le Pen became the General Secretary of the National Front of Combatants, a veterans' organization, as well as the first French politician to nominate a Muslim candidate, Ahmed Djebbour, an Algerian, elected in 1957 as deputy of Paris. , Le Pen has made several provocative statements concerning the Holocaust which have been interpreted by the legal system as constituting Holocaust denial. "C'est un homme courageux et cultivé que je regarde souvent", a-t-il lâché à L'Express. I haven't particularly studied the question. As noted above, he was not able to run for office in 1981, having failed to gather the necessary 500 signatures of elected officials.  He was then sent to Algeria (1957) as an intelligence officer. , In the 2004 regional elections, Le Pen intended to run for office in the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region but was prevented from doing so because he did not meet the conditions for being a voter in that region: he neither lived there nor was registered as a taxpayer there. SAC allegedly employed figures with organized crime backgrounds and from the far-right movement. He created the Serp (Société d'études et de relations publiques) firm, a company involved in the music industry, which specialized in historical recordings and sold recordings of the choir of the CGT trade-union and songs of the Popular Front, as well as Nazi marches. Echoing his 1987 remarks in France, Le Pen stated: "If you take a 1,000-page book on World War II, the concentration camps take up only two pages and the gas chambers 10 to 15 lines.  He was repeatedly convicted of assault and battery (coups et blessures). On 4 May 2015, Le Pen was suspended from the party after refusing to attend his disciplinary hearing at the party for describing the gas chambers used in concentration camps during the Holocaust as a "detail" of history. "Malgré maman, j'ai voulu voir, expliquait Jean-Marie Le Pen dans son ouvrage autobiographique.
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